The International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) and the Financial Standards Accounting Board (FASB) recently issued new accounting standards related to lease assets. For public companies following FASB standards, the effective date for implementation is for the fiscal year beginning on or after Dec. 15, 2018. For all other companies, the effective date of the FASB standard will be for the fiscal year beginning on or after Dec. 15, 2019.
The IFRS standards for all companies are required to be effective starting Jan. 1, 2019. For U.S. companies, a prior period comparison is required, although this is not a requirement for companies that follow IASB standards. There are certain exemptions that may preclude these assets from consolidating onto contractors’ balance sheets.
These new accounting regulations will have a significant impact on companies that are leasing or expect to lease their vehicle fleet. While it seems there is plenty of time to implement this accounting change, the time to start preparing is now.
The new standards change how lease assets are accounted for and presented on the balance sheet and should not impact the decision in the lease versus purchase debate.
Reason for the Change
Both the IASB and the FASB have stated that the intent behind these revisions was to improve the transparency related to lease assets. In a statement released by the IASB, it was estimated that the change in lease accounting standard would result in an increase of over $3.3 trillion in total assets on the related balance sheet for companies that follow either standard.
While more astute investors have always adjusted the financial statements when analyzing the impact of leased assets on a company’s financial strength, these changes provide for more consistent comparisons across companies. As such, the investor’s assessment of the company’s performance is not expected to change; this is especially true for investors in the fixed-rate market.
Areas of Focus
When the standard becomes effective, a Right of Use Asset will be calculated and recorded on the company’s balance sheet along with a Lease Liability. To simplify, the Right of Use Asset is the net present value of the remaining lease payments. To perform the calculation, the company needs to make a number of assumptions, which will need to be disclosed in the financial statement footnotes. The Lease Liability at inception will match the Right of Use Asset.
Full-service lease products will make the accounting more complicated due to the presence of the services component in the lease payment. The new guidance will require that the two components in the full-service lease payments are accounted for distinctly.
This accounting change may result in significant investments of time and resources to ensure that companies are ready to implement the requirements under this standard. Since the implementation time frame is quickly approaching, especially for U.S. public companies, now is the time to start planning to ensure accounting compliance.
During this process, it will be critical for fleet managers to work closely with both their internal and external finance and accounting groups for guidance and interpretation to ensure a successful and timely implementation. Among the key things for a contractor’s team to consider are:
- Which standard applies to your company (IASB or FASB);
- Which data points are required for the calculations under the applicable standard;
- What is the information you currently possess; and
- What are the investments required to successfully implement the standard?
Leasing: An Important Alternative
Companies decide to lease for a number of different reasons, all of which remain viable under the new accounting standards. Given the right circumstances, leasing will allow a company to improve cash flow with the potential to reap additional benefits. Leasing can allow companies to meet their fleet needs with newer vehicles, which results in additional cost savings related to maintenance and fuel efficiency.
As an example, NJ TRANSIT recently decided to begin leasing a percentage of its fleet of more than 1,000 vehicles, which consists of light-duty trucks, cars and specialty railroad equipment. Though public transit agencies traditionally purchase these vehicles and use them beyond their estimated life, NJ Transit was faced with a dire need to replace their aging and dilapidated assets. As this coincided with a period of reduced budgetary funding, they decided to pass on the traditional approach and decided to lease approximately 100 vehicles. Their decision was rewarded with a 10 percent reduction in maintenance costs year-over-year.
Leasing, in all its forms, is expected to remain a viable financing strategy with significant benefits for most companies. As the new standards take effect, proper reporting, compliance and other associated factors need to be considered in the decision-making process.